This is a bird, which had learnt to coexist with humans. It is one of the most common
birds found throughout India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka up to a height of 2000 metres above
mean sea level.
Easy to identify it is a fairly large wading bird of about 25 - 30 cms tall. It is one
of the most colourful of the lapwings found in the country. It's metallic brown above and
white below. Its breast, head, and neck are black. It has a fleshy red wattle in front of
each eye. A broad white band runs from behind the eyes down the sides of the neck to meet
the white under parts. It is difficult to differentiate the sexes. The males are slightly
larger than the females.
It is usually found in pairs in open countryside near a water source. It may be away from
the water source during foraging. It haunts ploughed fields and waterways in agricultural
fields. It makes a familiar did-he-do-it call repeatedly on sighting some intruder in its
It feeds mainly to insects, grubs and molluscs. Lapwings are a farmer's friend. It is one
of the most vigilant birds also. Its agility to detect the intruders fast could be of
great boon to farmers too, provided the bird nests or roosts nearby.
It is classified as least concern by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the world's
most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species
maintained by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
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