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Common Tern
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Also known as Follow link Alternate name
Sterna hirundo Scientific name
Charadriiformes Order
Sternidae Family
31–35 cm. (Wingspan 77–98 cm) Length
Rocky offshore islands, cliffs, shingle, saltmarsh, sand and mudbanks,  rivers, estuarirs, coastal waters, marshes, lakes, open ocean. Up to 4,000 m. Range see Map Habitat
Altitude
Range
1-3 eggs, incubation 21–22 days, fledging 22–28 days. Clutch
Fish, squid. Food  
  Habits
3253 - TSN: 176888 - Sub-species World Number
Least Concern Status

Common Tern Rick Bowers Kamchatka Peninsula, Zhupanova River mouth Russian Federation XC67314 song

 

AKA:- Afrikaans: Gewone Seeswael , Gewone Sterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة الشائعة, الخرشنة الشائعة الجنة, خطاف البحر
Asturian: Garrochín
Azerbaijani: Çay sternası
Belarusian: Рачная крычка
Bulgarian: Речна рибарка
Breton: Ar skravig boutin, Gwennili-mor, Perig, Scravig, Skrav, Skravig
Catalan: Curroc, Llambritja, Xatrac comú
Catalan (Balears): Llambritja
Valencian: Curroc
Czech: Rybák obecný
Welsh: Gwennol-y-môr, Morwennol gyffredin, Ysgraell, Ysgrechen
Danish: Fjordterne
German: Flußseeschwalbe, Fluss-Seeschwalbe
Maldivian: Valla
Greek: Θαλασσοχελιδόνα, Ποταμογλάρονο, Ποταμόγλαρονο
Greek (Cypriot): Θαλασσοχελιδόνα
English: Black-billed Common Tern, Common Tern, Sea-swallow
Esperanto: hirunda ^sterno, Hirunda ŝterno
Spanish: Charrán Común, Charrán pico grueso, Charrán piquinegro, Gaviota Común, Gaviota golondrina común, Gaviotín, Gaviotín boreal, Gaviotín Común, Gaviotín golondrina, Gaviotín pico grueso, Golondrina de Mar, Golondrina-marina Común, Visdief
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín golondrina, Gaviotín pico grueso
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín boreal
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Común
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrán Común, Charrán piquinegro
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviota Común
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Común, Gaviota Común
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina común
Spanish (Mexico): charrán común, Charrán pico grueso, Golondrina-marina Común
Spanish (Nicaragua): Charrán Común
Spanish (Paraguay): Gaviotín
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín Golondrina, Golondrina de Mar
Spanish (Venezuela): Tirra Medio Cuchillo
Estonian: Jogitiir, Jõgitiir
Basque: Txenada, Txenada arrunt, Txenada arrunta, Xatrac comú
Finnish: Kalatiira
Faroese: Kriterna
French: Hirondelle de mer, Pierre-Garin, Sterne commune, Sterne hirondelle, Sterne pierregarin
Irish: Geabhróg
Guadeloupean Creole French: Petite mauve
Gaelic: Steàrnag
Galician: Carrán común, Xatrac comú
Guarani: Atî
Manx: Gibbyn Gant, Gollan marrey, Spithag, Spyrryd
Haitian Creole French: Fou bèk wouj
Hebrew: שחפית ים
Croatian: Crvenokljuna Cigra, Crvenokljuna Čigra
Hungarian: Küszvágó csér
Armenian: [Getayin Jratsitsar ], Գետային Ջրածիծառ
Indonesian: Dara laut biasa, Dara laut hirunda, Daralaut Biasa, Dara-laut biasa
Icelandic: Sílaþerna
Italian: Sterna comune
Japanese: ajisashi, Akaashi-ajisashi
Japanese: アジサシ
Georgian: მდინარის თევზიყლაპია
Khakas: Азыр хузурухтығ хайлах
Kazakh: Єзен қарқылдағы
Korean: 제비갈매기
Latin: Sterna hirundo
Lithuanian: Kirlė, Upine žuvedra, Upinė žuvėdra
Latvian: Upes zīriņš
Macedonian: Обична вртимушка, Речна рибарка
Mongolian: Хараалай
Malay: Camar Siput
Maltese: Ċirlewwa tal-Baħar
Dutch: Visdief, Visdiefje
Norwegian: Makrellterne
Ojibwa: ᑲᔭᔑᑊ
Polish: Rybitwa pospolita, Rybitwa rózowa, Rybitwa różowa, rybitwa rzeczna, Rybitwa zwyczajna
Portuguese: andorinha do mar comum, Andorinha-do-mar-comum, Gaivina-comum, Garajau-comum, Inha-do-mar-comum, trinta-réis, Trinta-réis-boreal, Trinta-réis-de-bico-preto
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-réis, Trinta-réis-boreal, Trinta-réis-de-bico-preto
Romansh: Pestgarel da flum
Russian: Rechnaya Krachka, Крачка речная, Речная крачка
Scots: Stearnag
Northern Sami: Mákreallacearret
Slovak: Rybár obyčajný, Rybár riečny
Slovenian: navadna cigra, navadna čigra
Albanian: Dallëndyshe e zakonshme deti
Serbian: obicna cigra, obična čigra, Обична чигра
Swedish: Fisktärna
Swahili: Shakwe Mbayuwayu
Tamil: [Kadal kuruvi]
Thai: นกนางนวลแกลบธรรมดา
Turkish: Deniz-kırlangıcı, Sumru
Tuvinian: Суг хараачыгайы
Ukrainian: Крячок річковий , Річковий крячок
Vietnamese: Nhàn
Xhosa: Unothenteza
Chinese: [chang-chi hai-yan], [putong yan-ou], [yan-ou], 普通燕鷗, 普通燕鸥, 燕鷗, 长翅海燕
Chinese (Taiwan): [yan-ou], 燕鷗

Sub-species

Black-billed Common Tern: Sterna hirundo
Common Tern: Sterna hirundo
Common Tern: Sterna hirundo hirundo
Common tern: Sterna hirundo minussensis
Common tern: Sterna hirundo longipennis
Common tern:Sterna hirundo tibetana
Common Tern (Common): Sterna hirundo hirundo
Common Tern (minussensis): Sterna hirundo minussensis
Common Tern (Siberian): Sterna hirundo longipennis
Common Tern (tibetana): Sterna hirundo tibetana
European Common Tern: Sterna hirundo hirundo
Western Common Tern: Sterna hirundo hirundo

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