Puerto Rico

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Puerto Rico              Caribbean and West Indies

Conservation Matters               Birding

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Bird checklist, Bird lists, Photos, video, sound recordings & data.
Number of species: 349
Number of endemics: 15
Number of globally threatened species: 19
Number of introduced species: 41
Date last reviewed: 2005-05-01
 PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae
Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata Rare/Accidental
Herald Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana Rare/Accidental
Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Rare/Accidental
Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis Rare/Accidental
Sooty Shearwater Puffinus griseus Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Rare/Accidental
Little Shearwater Puffinus assimilis Rare/Accidental
Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri
 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Rare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Rare/Accidental
 
PELECANIFORMES: Phaethontidae
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae
American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Rare/Accidental
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Red-footed Booby Sula sula
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Rare/Accidental
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus Rare/Accidental
 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
Great Egret Ardea alba
Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Rare/Accidental
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Little Egret Egretta garzetta Rare/Accidental
Western Reef-Egret Egretta gularis Rare/Accidental
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Green Heron Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Rare/Accidental
 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
White Ibis Eudocimus albus Rare/Accidental
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Rare/Accidental
Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja Rare/Accidental
 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae
Caribbean Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Rare/Accidental
 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Rare/Accidental
West Indian Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arborea Vulnerable
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Rare/Accidental
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Rare/Accidental
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens Rare/Accidental
Brant Branta bernicla Rare/Accidental
Canada Goose Branta canadensis Rare/Accidental
Wood Duck Aix sponsa Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope Rare/Accidental
American Wigeon Anas americana Rare/Accidental
Gadwall Anas strepera Rare/Accidental
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis Rare/Accidental
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Rare/Accidental
American Black Duck Anas rubripes Rare/Accidental
Northern Pintail Anas acuta Rare/Accidental
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
Garganey Anas querquedula Rare/Accidental
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera Rare/Accidental
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Rare/Accidental
Canvasback Aythya valisineria Rare/Accidental
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Rare/Accidental
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis Rare/Accidental
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Rare/Accidental
Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Rare/Accidental
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Rare/Accidental
Masked Duck Nomonyx dominica
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
 
FALCONIFORMES: Cathartidae
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Introduced species
 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Rare/Accidental
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Rare/Accidental
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Common Black-Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus Rare/Accidental
Ridgway's Hawk Buteo ridgwayi Rare/Accidental Critically endangered
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Merlin Falco columbarius Rare/Accidental
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Rare/Accidental
 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Introduced species Near-threatened
 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus Introduced species
Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Rare/Accidental
 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae
Helmeted Guineafowl Numida meleagris Introduced species
 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae
Limpkin Aramus guarauna Extirpated
 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Rare/Accidental
Clapper Rail Rallus longirostris
Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Rare/Accidental
Sora Porzana carolina Rare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
American Coot Fulica americana
Caribbean Coot Fulica caribaea Near-threatened
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae
Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa Rare/Accidental
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae
American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black Necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Rare/Accidental
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Rare/Accidental
American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica Rare/Accidental
Black-bellied plover  Pluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Rare/Accidental
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Rare/Accidental
Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Rare/Accidental
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa Rare/Accidental
Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis Rare/Accidental Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Rare/Accidental
Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Rare/Accidental
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia Rare/Accidental
Willet Tringa semipalmatus
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Red Knot Calidris canutus Rare/Accidental
Sanderling Calidris alba
Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Rare/Accidental
Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Rare/Accidental
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Rare/Accidental
Dunlin Calidris alpina Rare/Accidental
Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus
Buff-breasted Sandpipe Tryngites subruficollis Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruff Philomachus pugnax Rare/Accidental
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Rare/Accidental
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rare/Accidental
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis
Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Rare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Rare/Accidental
American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus Rare/Accidental
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus Rare/Accidental
Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia Rare/Accidental
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan Rare/Accidental
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Rare/Accidental
Sabine's Gull Xema sabini Rare/Accidental
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Rare/Accidental
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
Black Noddy Anous minutus Rare/Accidental
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Least Tern Sternula antillarum
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Rare/Accidental
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Rare/Accidental
Black Tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Rare/Accidental
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Rare/Accidental
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Rare/Accidental
Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rynchopidae
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Rare/Accidental
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae
South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki Rare/Accidental
Great Skua Stercorarius skua Rare/Accidental
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Rare/Accidental
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Rare/Accidental
 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Rock Pigeon Columba livia Introduced species
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala Near-threatened
Scaly-naped Pigeon Patagioenas squamosa
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata Near-threatened
Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Introduced species
African Collared-Dove Streptopelia roseogrisea Introduced species
Diamond Dove Geopelia cuneata Introduced species
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura
Zenaida Dove Zenaida aurita
White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica
Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina
Key West Quail-Dove Geotrygon chrysia
Bridled Quail-Dove Geotrygon mystacea Rare/Accidental
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae
Tanimbar Corella Cacatua goffiniana Introduced species Near-threatened
Sulphur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita Introduced species
White Cockatoo Cacatua alba Introduced species Vulnerable
 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus Rare/Accidental
Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys Introduced species Near-threatened
Hispaniolan Parakeet Aratinga chloroptera Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax Introduced species
Orange-fronted Parakeet Aratinga canicularis Introduced species
Nanday Parakeet Nandayus nenday Introduced species
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Introduced species
Canary-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus Introduced species
Hispaniolan Parrot Amazona ventralis Introduced species Vulnerable
Puerto Rican Parrot Amazona vittata Endemic Critically endangered
White-fronted Parrot Amazona albifrons Introduced species
Red-crowned Parrot Amazona viridigenalis Introduced species Endangered
Yellow-headed Parrot Amazona oratrix Introduced species Endangered
Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazonica Introduced species
 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Rare/Accidental
Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor
Puerto Rican Lizard-Cuckoo Coccyzus vieilloti Endemic
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba Rare/Accidental
 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Puerto Rican Screech-Owl Megascops nudipes Endemic (country/region)
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Nyctibiidae
Northern Potoo Nyctibius jamaicensis Rare/Accidental
 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae
Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Rare/Accidental
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii
Chuck-will's-widow Caprimulgus carolinensis Rare/Accidental
Puerto Rican Nightjar Caprimulgus noctitherus Endemic Critically endangered
White-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus cayennensis Rare/Accidental
 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae
Black Swift Cypseloides niger
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris Rare/Accidental
Antillean Palm-Swift Tachornis phoenicobia Rare/Accidental
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba Rare/Accidental
 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae
Green-breasted Mango Anthracothorax prevostii Rare/Accidental
Antillean Mango Anthracothorax dominicus
Green Mango Anthracothorax viridis Endemic
Purple-throated Carib Eulampis jugularis Rare/Accidental
Green-throated Carib Eulampis holosericeus
Antillean Crested Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus
Puerto Rican Emerald Chlorostilbon maugaeus Endemic
Vervain Hummingbird Mellisuga minima Rare/Accidental
Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris Rare/Accidental
 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus Rare/Accidental
 
CORACIIFORMES: Todidae
Puerto Rican Tody Todus mexicanus Endemic
 
PICIFORMES: Picidae
Puerto Rican Woodpecker Melanerpes portoricensis Endemic
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Rare/Accidental
Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Tyrannidae
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica
Hispaniolan Pewee Contopus hispaniolensis Rare/Accidental
Lesser Antillean Pewee Contopus latirostris
Puerto rican Pewee Contopus portoricenis
Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Rare/Accidental
Grey Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Rare/Accidental
Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Rare/Accidental
Puerto Rican Flycatcher Myiarchus antillarum Endemic
 
Passeriformes.: Hirundinidae
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Rare/Accidental
Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Rare/Accidental
Purple Martin Progne subis Rare/Accidental
Caribbean Martin Progne dominicensis
Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Rare/Accidental
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Rare/Accidental
Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva
 
Passeriformes.: Bombycillidae
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Mimidae
Grey Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Rare/Accidental
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos
Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus
 
Passeriformes.: Turdidae
Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus Rare/Accidental
Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina Rare/Accidental
Red-legged Thrush Turdus plumbeus
 
Passeriformes.: Muscicapidae
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Corvidae
White-necked Crow Corvus leucognaphalus Extirpated Vulnerable
 
Passeriformes.: Sturnidae
Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa Introduced species
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis Introduced species
European Starling Sturnus vulgaris Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Passeridae
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Introduced species
 
Passeriformes.: Ploceidae
Orange Bishop Euplectes franciscanus Introduced species
Yellow-crowned Bishop Euplectes afer Introduced species
 
Passeriformes.: Estrildidae
Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda Introduced species
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes Introduced species
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava Introduced species
Bronze Mannikin Spermestes cucullatus Introduced species
White-throated Munia Euodice malabarica Introduced species
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata Introduced species
Black-headed Munia Lonchura malacca Introduced species
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora Introduced species Vulnerable
 
Passeriformes.: Viduidae
Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura Introduced species
 
Passeriformes.: Vireonidae
White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus Rare/Accidental
Puerto Rican Vireo Vireo latimeri Endemic
Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons Rare/Accidental
Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus Rare/Accidental
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Rare/Accidental
Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus
 
Passeriformes.: Fringillidae
Antillean Euphonia Euphonia musica
Red Siskin Carduelis cucullata Introduced species Endangered
Island Canary Serinus canaria Introduced species
Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Parulidae
Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora pinus Rare/Accidental
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla Rare/Accidental
Northern Parula Parula americana
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica Rare/Accidental
Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia Rare/Accidental
Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina
Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens
Yellow-rumped Warbler Dendroica coronata Rare/Accidental
Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens Rare/Accidental
Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca Rare/Accidental
Yellow-throated Warbler Dendroica dominica Rare/Accidental
Adelaide's Warbler Dendroica adelaidae Endemic
Pine Warbler Dendroica pinus Rare/Accidental
Prairie Warbler Dendroica discolor
Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum Rare/Accidental
Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea Rare/Accidental
Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
Elfin-woods Warbler Setophaga angelae Endemic Vulnerable
Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia
American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Rare/Accidental
Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum Rare/Accidental
Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Rare/Accidental
Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla
Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana Waterthrush Seiurus motacilla
Kentucky Warbler Oporornis formosus Rare/Accidental
Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Rare/Accidental
Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia Rare/Accidental
Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler Wilsonia citrina Rare/Accidental
Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla Rare/Accidental
Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Coerebidae
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
 
Passeriformes.: Thraupidae
Puerto Rican Tanager Nesospingus speculiferus Endemic
Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea Rare/Accidental
Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Rare/Accidental
Puerto Rican Spindalis Spindalis portoricensis Endemic
 
Passeriformes.: Emberizidae
Yellow-faced Grassquit Tiaris olivaceus
Black-faced Grassquit Tiaris bicolor
Puerto Rican Bullfinch Loxigilla portoricensis Endemic
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Introduced species
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata Introduced species
Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum
Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Rare/Accidental
White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Rare/Accidental
Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Cardinalidae
Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Rare/Accidental
Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Rare/Accidental
Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Rare/Accidental
Dickcissel Spiza americana Rare/Accidental
 
Passeriformes.: Icteridae
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Rare/Accidental
Yellow-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius xanthomus Endemic Endangered
Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Rare/Accidental
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Venezuelan Troupial Icterus icterus Introduced species
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula Rare/Accidental
Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Rare/Accidental
Greater Antillean Oriole Icterus dominicensis
Audubon's Oriole Icterus graduacauda Rare/Accidental

Avibase has been visited 42683090 times since 24 June 2003. ? Denis Lepage

Arkive for photos, picture gallery, sound recordings, video and bird data, checklists etc. Field guide images of over 9,000 species. Checklists covering all bird species and most of the worlds countries.

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01/03/2008 0000000

25/10/2009 500,000

28/02/2012 870,300

 


 

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01/01/2009 151,000

01/10/2010 562,291

24/09/2012 1,000,000

 

Credits Some of the maps, data, are from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page               Data from Avibase