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Conservation Matters               Birding

Africa - America - USA - Hawaii - Big Island - French Frigate Shoals - Hawaii Leeward Islands - Honolulu - Kalawao  - Kauai - Lanai - Laysan - Lisianski - Molokai - Niihau - Nihoa - Oahu - Pearl and Hermes Reef - Europe - Asia - Austrailasia - Antarctica - Middle East

 

 
   
Number of species: 164

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Number of endemics: 9
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 19
Number of extinct species: 5
Number of introduced species: 47
 

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor 茶色树鸭 Rare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons 白额雁 Rare/Accidental
Emperor Goose Chen canagica 帝雁 Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow Goose Chen caerulescens 雪雁 Rare/Accidental
Brant Branta bernicla 黑雁 Rare/Accidental
Canada Goose Branta canadensis 加拿大黑雁 Rare/Accidental
Hawaiian Goose Branta sandvicensis 夏威夷黑雁 Endemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Gadwall Anas strepera 赤膀鸭 Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope 赤颈鸭 Rare/Accidental
American Wigeon Anas americana 绿眉鸭  
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 绿头鸭 Introduced species
Hawaiian Duck Anas wyvilliana 夏威夷鸭 Endemic (country/region) Endangered
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors 蓝翅鸭 Rare/Accidental
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera 桂红鸭 Rare/Accidental
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata 琵嘴鸭  
Northern Pintail Anas acuta 针尾鸭  
Garganey Anas querquedula 白眉鸭 Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca 绿翅鸭 Rare/Accidental
Canvasback Aythya valisineria 帆背潜鸭 Rare/Accidental
Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris 环颈潜鸭  
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis 小潜鸭  
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola 白枕鹊鸭 Rare/Accidental
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator 红胸秋沙鸭 Rare/Accidental

GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae
California Quail Callipepla californica 珠颈斑鹑 Introduced species
Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii 黑腹翎鹑 Introduced species

GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
Chukar Alectoris chukar 石鸡 Introduced species
Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus 灰鹧鸪 Introduced species
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus 黑鹧鸪 Introduced species
Erckel's Francolin Francolinus erckelii 棕顶鹧鸪 Introduced species
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica 鹌鹑 Introduced species
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus 原鸡 Introduced species
Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos 黑鹇 Introduced species
Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus 环颈雉 Introduced species
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus 蓝孔雀 Introduced species
Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo 火鸡 Introduced species

PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae
Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis 黑背信天翁 Vulnerable
Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes 黑脚信天翁 Rare/Accidental Endangered

PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata 鳞斑圆尾鹱 Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis 夏威夷圆尾鹱 Breeding endemic Vulnerable
Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris 长嘴圆尾鹱 Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii 褐燕鹱  
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus 曳尾鹱  
Christmas Shearwater Puffinus nativitatis 黑鹱 Rare/Accidental
Townsend's Shearwater Puffinus auricularis 汤氏鹱  

PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro 斑腰叉尾海燕  

PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus 白尾鹲  
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda 红尾鹲  

SULIFORMES: Fregatidae
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor 黑腹军舰鸟  

SULIFORMES: Sulidae
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra 蓝脸鲣鸟  
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster 褐鲣鸟  
Red-footed Booby Sula sula 红脚鲣鸟  

PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias 大蓝鹭 Rare/Accidental
Great Egret Ardea alba 大白鹭 Rare/Accidental
Snowy Egret Egretta thula 雪鹭 Rare/Accidental
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis 牛背鹭 Introduced species
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 夜鹭 Rare/Accidental

PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi 白脸彩鹮 Rare/Accidental

ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Rare/Accidental

ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae
Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius 夏威夷鵟 Endemic (country/region) Near-threatened

FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 游隼  

GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 黑水鸡  
Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai 夏威夷骨顶 Endemic (country/region) Vulnerable

CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Black-bellied plover Pluvialis squatarola 灰鸻  
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva 金鸻  
Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus 半蹼鸻  
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus 双领鸻 Rare/Accidental

CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black Necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus 黑颈长脚鹬 Rare/Accidental
American Avocet Recurvirostra americana 褐胸反嘴鹬 Rare/Accidental

CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius 斑腹矶鹬 Rare/Accidental
Wandering Tattler Tringa incana 漂鹬  
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca 大黄脚鹬 Rare/Accidental
Willet Tringa semipalmatus 斑翅鹬 Rare/Accidental
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes 小黄脚鹬  
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 中杓鹬 Rare/Accidental
Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis 太平洋杓鹬 Vulnerable
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 斑尾塍鹬 Rare/Accidental
Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa 云斑塍鹬 Rare/Accidental
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 翻石鹬  
Red Knot Calidris canutus 红腹滨鹬 Rare/Accidental
Sanderling Calidris alba 三趾滨鹬  
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri 西滨鹬 Rare/Accidental
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla 美洲小滨鹬  
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos 斑胸滨鹬  
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 尖尾滨鹬  
Dunlin Calidris alpina 黑腹滨鹬  
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea 弯嘴滨鹬 Rare/Accidental
Ruff Philomachus pugnax 流苏鹬 Rare/Accidental
Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus 长嘴半蹼鹬 Rare/Accidental
Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata   Rare/Accidental
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor 细嘴瓣蹼鹬 Rare/Accidental
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 红颈瓣蹼鹬 Rare/Accidental

CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae
Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia 博氏鸥 Rare/Accidental
Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla 笑鸥  
Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan 弗氏鸥 Rare/Accidental
Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis 环嘴鸥  
California Gull Larus californicus 加州鸥 Rare/Accidental
American Herring Gull Larus smithsonianus 银鸥 Rare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens 灰翅鸥 Rare/Accidental
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus 北极鸥 Rare/Accidental
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus 白顶玄燕鸥  
Black Noddy Anous minutus 玄燕鸥  
White-Tern Gygis alba 白燕鸥  
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus 乌燕鸥  
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 红嘴巨鸥 Rare/Accidental
Black Tern Chlidonias niger 黑浮鸥 Rare/Accidental
Common Tern Sterna hirundo 普通燕鸥 Rare/Accidental

CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae
Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus 中贼鸥  
Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus 短尾贼鸥 Rare/Accidental

COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Rock Pigeon Columba livia 原鸽 Introduced species
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 珠颈斑鸠 Introduced species
Zebra Dove Geopelia striata 斑姬地鸠 Introduced species
Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura 哀鸽 Introduced species

STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba 仓鸮 Introduced species

STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus 短耳鸮  

CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon 白腹鱼狗 Rare/Accidental

Passeriformes.: Alaudidae
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis 云雀 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Pycnonotidae
Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer 黑喉红臀鹎 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Cettiidae
Japanese Bush-Warbler Cettia diphone 日本树莺 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Zosteropidae
Japanese White-eye Zosterops japonicus 暗绿绣眼鸟 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Leiothrichidae
Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax pectoralis 黑领噪鹛 Introduced species
Chinese Hwamei Garrulax canorus 画眉 Introduced species
Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea 红嘴相思鸟 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Muscicapidae
White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus 白腰鹊鸲 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Turdidae
Olomao Myadestes lanaiensis 拉奈孤鸫 Extirpated Critically endangered

Passeriformes.: Mimidae
Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos 小嘲鸫 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Sturnidae
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis 家八哥 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Mohoidae
Bishop's Oo Moho bishopi 毕氏吸蜜鸟 Endemic Extinct

Passeriformes.: Emberizidae
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola 橙黄雀鹀 Introduced species
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata 冠蜡嘴鹀 Introduced species
Yellow-billed Cardinal Paroaria capitata 黄嘴蜡嘴鹀 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Cardinalidae
Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis 主红雀 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Icteridae
Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna 东草地鹨 Introduced species
Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta 西草地鹨 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Fringillidae
House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus 家朱雀 Introduced species
Yellow-fronted Canary   Serinus mozambicus 黄额丝雀 Introduced species
Ou  Psittirostra psittacea 鹦嘴管舌雀 Extirpated Critically endangered
Lanai Hookbill Dysmorodrepanis munroi   Endemic Extinct
Maui Parrotbill Pseudonestor xanthophrys 毛岛鹦嘴雀 Endemic Critically endangered
Hawaii Amakihi Hemignathus virens 夏威夷绿雀 Endemic (country/region)
Oahu Amakihi Hemignathus flavus 瓦岛绿雀 Endemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Kauai Amakihi Hemignathus kauaiensis 考岛绿雀 Endemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Lesser Akialoa Hemignathus obscurus   Endemic (country/region)
Greater Akialoa Hemignathus ellisianus 大绿雀 Endemic (country/region) Extinct
Nukupuu Hemignathus lucidus 短镰嘴雀 Endemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Akiapolaau Hemignathus munroi 镰嘴雀 Endemic Endangered
Hawaii Creeper Oreomystis mana 夏威夷悬木雀 Endemic (country/region) Endangered
Kakawahie Paroreomyza flammea 莫岛管舌雀 Endemic Extinct
Maui Alauahio Paroreomyza montana 毛岛管舌雀 Endemic Endangered
Akepa Loxops coccineus 红管舌雀 Endemic (country/region) Endangered
Iiwi Vestiaria coccinea 镰嘴管舌雀 Endemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Black Mamo Drepanis funerea   Endemic Extinct
Akohekohe Palmeria dolei 冠旋蜜雀 Endemic Critically endangered
Apapane Himatione sanguinea 白臀蜜雀  
Poo-uli Melamprosops phaeosoma 毛岛蜜雀 Endemic Critically endangered

Passeriformes.: Passeridae
House Sparrow Passer domesticus 家麻雀 Introduced species

Passeriformes.: Estrildidae
Lavender Waxbill Estrilda caerulescens 淡蓝梅花雀 Introduced species
Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda 橙颊梅花雀 Introduced species
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes 黑腰梅花雀 Introduced species
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild 梅花雀 Introduced species
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava 红梅花雀 Introduced species
African Silverbill Euodice cantans 银嘴文鸟 Introduced species
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata 斑文鸟 Introduced species
Chestnut Munia Lonchura atricapilla 栗腹文鸟 Introduced species
Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora 禾雀 Introduced species Vulnerable

 

Avibase  Denis Lepage 

Arkive for photos, picture gallery, sound recordings, video and bird data, checklists etc. Field guide images of over 9,000 species. Checklists covering all bird species and most of the worlds countries.

2008 Worldbirds all rights reserved   Copy-right belongs to individual photographers

Sound recordings by XENO-CANTO are covered by creative commons Copy-right (CC)

 

01/03/2008 0000000

25/10/2009 500,000

28/02/2012 870,300

 


 

Maps from Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

 

01/01/2009 151,000

01/10/2010 562,291

24/09/2012 1,000,000

 

Credits Some of the maps, data, are from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page               Data from Avibase