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Island of Timor

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Conservation Matters               Birding places          Indonesia         East Timor        West Timor

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Bird checklist, Bird lists, Photos, video, sound recordings & data.
Number of species: 264
Number of endemics: 7
Number of globally threatened species: 7
 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Australasian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus
 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae Data deficient
 
PELECANIFORMES: Phaethontidae
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus
 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae
Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus
 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Red-footed Booby Sula sula
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae
Darter Anhinga melanogaster
 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae
Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi Critically endangered
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel
 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana
Great Egret Ardea alba
Pied Heron Egretta picata
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae
Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-Egret Egretta sacra
Javan Pond-Heron Ardeola speciosa
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated Heron Butorides striata
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Rufous Night-Heron Nycticorax caledonicus
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis
 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus
 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Royal Spoonbill Platalea regia
 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae
Wandering Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arcuata
Radjah Shelduck Tadorna radjah
Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons
Gray Teal Anas gracilis
Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa
Garganey Anas querquedula
 
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
 
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Black Kite Milvus migrans
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
White-bellied Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
Australian Kestrel Falco cenchroides
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
Australian Hobby Falco longipennis
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae
Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt
 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
 
GRUIFORMES: Turnicidae
Red-backed Buttonquail Turnix maculosus
 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata
Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis
Slaty-legged Crake Gallirallus striatus
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Dusky Moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae
Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Pied Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae
Beach Thick-knee Burhinus magnirostris Near-threatened
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae
Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus
Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii Near-threatened
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
Greater SandPlover Charadrius leschenaultii
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura
Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus Near-threatened
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Near-threatened
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Little Curlew Numenius minutus
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
Red Knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Dunlin Calidris alpina
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Sternidae
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
Great Crested-Tern Thalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested-Tern Thalasseus bengalensis
 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis
Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis
Dusky Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia magna
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps
Slaty Cuckoo-Dove Turacoena modesta Near-threatened
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
Barred Dove Geopelia maugei
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica Near-threatened
Wetar Ground-Dove Gallicolumba hoedtii Endangered
Sumba Green-Pigeon Treron teysmannii Near-threatened
Timor Green-Pigeon Treron psittaceus Endangered
Black-naped Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus melanospila
Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus regina
Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon Ducula rosacea Near-threatened
Timor Imperial-Pigeon Ducula cineracea Endangered
 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea Critically endangered
 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae
Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus
Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles
Iris Lorikeet Psitteuteles iris Near-threatened
Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Olive-shouldered Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus Near-threatened
 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae
Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus
Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
Pallid Cuckoo Cuculus pallidus
Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
Horsfield's Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis
Shining Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus
Little Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Australian Koel Eudynamys cyanocephalus
Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae
Pheasant Coucal Centropus phasianinus
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Barn Owl Tyto alba
 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Morepork Ninox novaeseelandiae
Southern Boobook Ninox boobook
 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta
Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphagus
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus
House Swift Apus nipalensis
 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia Near-threatened
Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus
 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis
 
Passeriformes.: Pittidae
Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans
 
Passeriformes.: Alaudidae
Australasian Bushlark Mirafra javanica
 

Passeriformes.: Pycnonotidae

Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster Cucak Kutilang  
 
Passeriformes.: Hirundinidae
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata
Fairy Martin Petrochelidon ariel
Tree Martin Petrochelidon nigricans
 
Passeriformes.: Motacillidae
Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
 
Passeriformes.: Campephagidae
Wallacean Cuckoo-shrike Coracina personata
Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike Coracina novaehollandiae
Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris
White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii
 
Passeriformes.: Turdidae
Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius
Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi Near-threatened
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii Near-threatened
Sunda Thrush Zoothera andromedae
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys
 
Passeriformes.: Cisticolidae
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis
 
Passeriformes.: Sylviidae
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata
Sunda Bush-Warbler Cettia vulcania
Benguet Bush-Warbler Bradypterus seebohmi
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis
Timor Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes
Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis
Tawny Grassbird Megalurus timoriensis
Buff-banded Bushbird Buettikoferella bivittata Endemic
 
Passeriformes.: Muscicapidae
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis Endemic Near-threatened
Timor Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata
Timor Bushchat Saxicola gutturalis Near-threatened
 
Passeriformes.: Rhipiduridae
Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris
Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas
 
Passeriformes.: Monarchidae
Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens
Spectacled Monarch Monarcha trivirgatus
Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis
 
Passeriformes.: Pachycephalidae
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus
Banda Sea Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha  
Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis
 
Passeriformes.: Timaliidae
Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
 
Passeriformes.: Acanthizidae
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata
 
Passeriformes.: Paridae
Great Tit Parus major
 
Passeriformes.: Nectariniidae
Plain-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris
 
Passeriformes.: Dicaeidae
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei
Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum
 
Passeriformes.: Zosteropidae
Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus
Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella
Timor White-eye Heleia muelleri Endemic Near-threatened
 
Passeriformes.: Meliphagidae
Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata
Yellow-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans Endemic
Red-rumped Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata Endemic
Streak-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata Endemic
Timor Friarbird Philemon inornatus Endemic
Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides
 
Passeriformes.: Oriolidae
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis
Green Oriole Oriolus flavocinctus
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
Green Figbird Sphecotheres viridis
 
Passeriformes.: Laniidae
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
 
Passeriformes.: Dicruridae
Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus
 
Passeriformes.: Grallinidae
Magpie-lark Grallina cyanoleuca
 
Passeriformes.: Artamidae
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus
 
Passeriformes.: Corvidae
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
 
Passeriformes.: Sturnidae
   
Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis
Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor
 
Passeriformes.: Passeridae
   
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
 
Passeriformes.: Estrildidae
   
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata
Tricolored Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor
Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata
Five-colored Munia Lonchura quinticolor
Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallida
Timor Sparrow Padda fuscata Near-threatened

 

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