Island of Timor

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Island of Timor

 

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Indonesia        

 East Timor Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

     West Timor

 

     
IOC checklist    
Number of species: 256    
Number of endemics: 8
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 1
 
Previous list
 
 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae
Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt 橙脚塚雉  

GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora 褐鹌鹑  
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis 蓝胸鹑  
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus 原鸡  

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae
Wandering Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arcuata 斑胸树鸭  
Radjah Shelduck Tadorna radjah 白腹麻鸭  
Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa 太平洋黑鸭  
Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons 爪哇灰鸭  
Garganey Anas querquedula 白眉鸭  

PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae
Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas 白额鹱  
Wedge-tailed Shearwater Puffinus pacificus 曳尾鹱  

PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae
Matsudaira's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma matsudairae 烟黑叉尾海燕 Data deficient

PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae
Tricolored Grebe Tachybaptus tricolor    
Australasian Grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae 黑喉小䴙䴘  

PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda 红尾鹲  
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus 白尾鹲  

PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
Australian Ibis Threskiornis molucca 澳洲白鹮  
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus 彩鹮  
Royal Spoonbill Platalea regia 澳洲琵鹭
 

PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus

PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae
Yellow Bittern Ixobrychus sinensis 黄斑苇鳽  
Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus 栗苇鳽  
Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis 黑苇鳽  
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 夜鹭  
Rufous Night-Heron Nycticorax caledonicus 棕夜鹭  
Striated Heron Butorides striata 绿鹭  
Javan Pond-Heron Ardeola speciosa 爪哇池鹭  
Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus    
Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana 大嘴鹭  
Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia 中白鹭  
Pied Heron Egretta picata 斑鹭  
White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae 白脸鹭  
Little Egret Egretta garzetta 小白鹭  
Pacific Reef-Egret Egretta sacra 岩鹭  

PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae
Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus 澳洲鹈鹕  

SULIFORMES: Fregatidae
Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi 白腹军舰鸟 Critically endangered
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor 黑腹军舰鸟  
Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel 白斑军舰鸟  

SULIFORMES: Sulidae
Masked Booby Sula dactylatra 蓝脸鲣鸟  
Red-footed Booby Sula sula 红脚鲣鸟  
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster 褐鲣鸟  

SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
Little Pied Cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos 小斑鸬鹚  
Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris 小黑鸬鹚  

SULIFORMES: Anhingidae
Australian Darter Anhinga novaehollandiae 澳洲蛇鹈  

ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae
Osprey Pandion haliaetus  
Eastern Osprey Pandion cristatus    

ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata 凤头鹃隼  
Oriental Honey-buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus 凤头蜂鹰  
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus 黑翅鸢  
Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 栗莺  
White-bellied Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster 白腹海雕  
Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus 短趾雕  
Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis 斑鹞  
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae 灰鹰  
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus 褐鹰  
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis 日本松雀鹰  
Grey-faced Buzzard Butastur indicus 灰脸鵟鹰  
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata 白腹隼雕  

FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae
Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis 斑隼  
Australian Kestrel Falco cenchroides 澳洲隼  
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo 燕隼  
Australian Hobby Falco longipennis 姬隼  
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus 游隼  

GRUIFORMES: Rallidae
Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata 红腿斑秧鸡  
Buff-banded Rail Gallirallus philippensis 红眼斑秧鸡  
Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus 灰胸秧鸡  
White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 白胸苦恶鸟  
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla 小田鸡  
White-browed Crake Porzana cinerea 白眉田鸡  
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio 紫水鸡  
Dusky Moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa 暗色水鸡  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae
Red-backed Buttonquail Turnix maculosus 红背三趾鹑  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae
Beach Stone-curlew Burhinus magnirostris 澳洲石鸻 Near-threatened

CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus 黑翅长脚鹬  
White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus 澳洲长脚鹬  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae
Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva 金鸻  
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola 灰鸻  
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius 金眶鸻
Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus Cerek Jawa
Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus 红顶鸻  
Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii 马来鸻 Near-threatened
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus 蒙古沙鸻  
Greater SandPlover Charadrius leschenaultii 铁嘴沙鸻  
Oriental Plover Charadrius veredus 东方鸻  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae
Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea 冠水雉  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae
Pintail Snipe Gallinago stenura 针尾沙锥  
Swinhoe's Snipe Gallinago megala 大沙锥  
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago 扇尾沙锥  
Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus 半蹼鹬 Near-threatened
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa 黑尾塍鹬 Near-threatened
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica 斑尾塍鹬  
Little Curlew Numenius minutus 小杓鹬  
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus 中杓鹬  
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata 白腰杓鹬 Near-threatened
Far Eastern Curlew Numenius madagascariensis 大杓鹬  
Common Redshank Tringa totanus 红脚鹬  
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis 泽鹬  
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia 青脚鹬  
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola 林鹬  
Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 灰尾漂鹬  
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus 翘嘴鹬  
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 矶鹬  
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres 翻石鹬  
Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris 大滨鹬  
Red Knot Calidris canutus 红腹滨鹬  
Sanderling Calidris alba 三趾滨鹬  
Red-necked stint Calidris ruficollis 红颈滨鹬  
Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta 长趾滨鹬  
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata 尖尾滨鹬  
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea 弯嘴滨鹬  
Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus 阔嘴鹬  
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 红颈瓣蹼鹬  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae
Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella 澳洲燕鸻  
Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum 普通燕鸻  

CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus 白顶玄燕鸥  
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica 鸥嘴噪鸥  
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia 红嘴巨鸥  
Swift Tern Thalasseus bergii 大凤头燕鸥  
Lesser Crested-Tern Thalasseus bengalensis 小凤头燕鸥  
Little Tern Sternula albifrons 白额燕鸥  
Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus 褐翅燕鸥  
Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus 乌燕鸥  
Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana 黑枕燕鸥  
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 须浮鸥  
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus 白翅浮鸥  

COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae
Rock Pigeon Columba livia 原鸽 Introduced species
Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis 白喉林鸽  
Island Collared-Dove Streptopelia bitorquata 爪哇斑鸠  
Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis 珠颈斑鸠  
Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia magna 大鹃鸠  
Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps 小赤鹃鸠  
Black Dove Turacoena modesta 黑蕉鸠 Near-threatened
Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica 绿翅金鸠  
Barred Dove Geopelia maugei 帝汶姬地鸠  
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica 尼柯巴鸠 Near-threatened
Wetar Ground-Dove Gallicolumba hoedtii 韦岛鸡鸠 Endangered
Sumba Green-Pigeon Treron teysmannii 松巴绿鸠 Near-threatened
Timor Green-Pigeon Treron psittaceus 帝汶绿鸠 Endangered
Black-backed Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus cinctus 黑背果鸠  
Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove Ptilinopus regina 粉顶果鸠  
Pink-headed Imperial-Pigeon Ducula rosacea 粉头皇鸠 Near-threatened
Timor Imperial-Pigeon Ducula cineracea 帝汶皇鸠 Endangered

PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae
Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea 小葵花鹦鹉 Critically endangered

PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae
Marigold Lorikeet Trichoglossus capistratus Perkici Oranye  
Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles 褐头绿鹦鹉  
Iris Lorikeet Psitteuteles iris 五彩鹦鹉 Near-threatened
Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi 红脸鹦鹉  
Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos 巨嘴鹦鹉  
Olive-shouldered Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus 帝汶红翅鹦鹉 Near-threatened

CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae
Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 小鸦鹃  
Pheasant Coucal Centropus phasianinus 雉鸦鹃  
Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus    
Pacific Koel Eudynamys orientalis    
Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae 沟嘴鹃  
Horsfield's Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis 霍氏金鹃  
Shining Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus 金鹃  
Little Bronze-Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus 棕胸金鹃  
Pallid Cuckoo Cuculus pallidus 淡色杜鹃  
Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus 灌丛杜鹃  
Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus 中杜鹃  
Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus lepidus    

STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae
Eastern Barn Owl Tyto delicatula    

STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae
Southern Boobook Ninox boobook 布克鹰鸮  

CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae
Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus 长尾夜鹰  
Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis 林夜鹰  

APODIFORMES: Apodidae
Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 白腹金丝燕  
Edible-nest Swiftlet Collocalia fuciphagus 爪哇金丝燕  
White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 白喉针尾雨燕  
Fork-tailed Swift Apus pacificus 白腰雨燕  
House Swift Apus nipalensis 小白腰雨燕  

CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae
Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 三宝鸟  

CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris 白领翡翠  
Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus 白眉翡翠  
Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia 冠翡翠 Near-threatened
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 普通翠鸟  

CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae
Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus 栗喉蜂虎  
Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus 彩虹蜂虎  

Passeriformes.: Pittidae
Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans 华丽八色鸫  

Passeriformes.: Meliphagidae
Streak-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata 纹胸吸蜜鸟 Endemic
Timor Friarbird Philemon inornatus 帝汶吮蜜鸟 Endemic
Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides 盔吮蜜鸟  
Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata 印尼岩吸蜜鸟  
Yellow-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans 黄耳岩吸蜜鸟 Endemic
Red-rumped Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata 红腰摄蜜鸟 Endemic

Passeriformes.: Acanthizidae
Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata 纯色噪刺莺  

Passeriformes.: Artamidae
White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus 白胸燕鵙  
Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus 黑脸燕鵙  

Passeriformes.: Campephagidae
Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike Coracina novaehollandiae 黑脸鹃鵙  
Wallacean Cuckoo-shrike Coracina personata 帝汶鹃鵙  
Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris 长嘴鹃鵙  
White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii 白肩鸣鹃鵙  

Passeriformes.: Pachycephalidae
Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus 褐胸啸鹟  
Banda Sea Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha    
Golden Whistler Pachycephala pectoralis 金啸鹟  

Passeriformes.: Laniidae
Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 棕背伯劳  

Passeriformes.: Oriolidae
Green Figbird Sphecotheres viridis 绿裸眼鹂  
Olive-brown Oriole Oriolus melanotis 绿褐鹂  
Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 黑枕黄鹂  

Passeriformes.: Dicruridae
Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus 华莱士卷尾  

Passeriformes.: Rhipiduridae
Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris 北扇尾鹟  
Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas    

Passeriformes.: Monarchidae
Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens 岛王鹟  
Magpie-lark Grallina cyanoleuca 鹊鹩  
Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis 棕颈阔嘴鹟  

Passeriformes.: Corvidae
Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos 大嘴乌鸦  

Passeriformes.: Paridae
Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus    

Passeriformes.: Alaudidae
Australasian Bushlark Mirafra javanica 歌百灵  

Passeriformes.: Pycnonotidae
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster 白喉红臀鹎  

Passeriformes.: Hirundinidae
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 家燕  
Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 洋燕  
Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata 斑腰燕  
Fairy Martin Petrochelidon ariel 彩石燕  
Tree Martin Petrochelidon nigricans 树燕  

Passeriformes.: Pnoepygidae
Pygmy Wren-Babbler Pnoepyga pusilla 小鳞胸鹪鹛  

Passeriformes.: Cettiidae
Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata 帝汶短尾莺  
Sunda Bush-Warbler Cettia vulcania 马氏树莺  

Passeriformes.: Phylloscopidae
Timor Leaf-Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes 帝汶柳莺  
Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis 黄胸鹟莺  

Passeriformes.: Acrocephalidae
Oriental Reed Warbler Acrocephalus orientalis 东方大苇莺  
Clamorous Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus 噪苇莺  

Passeriformes.: Locustellidae
Tawny Grassbird Megalurus timoriensis 棕顶大尾莺  
Buff-banded Bushbird Buettikoferella bivittata 黄斑草莺 Endemic
Timor Bush Warbler Bradypterus timorensis   Endemic Near-threatened

Passeriformes.: Cisticolidae
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis 棕扇尾莺  
Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis 金头扇尾莺  

Passeriformes.: Zosteropidae
Spot-breasted Heleia Heleia muelleri 帝汶大嘴绣眼鸟 Endemic Near-threatened
Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus 山绣眼鸟  
Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella 苍腹绣眼鸟  

Passeriformes.: Sturnidae
Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor 短尾辉椋鸟  

Passeriformes.: Turdidae
Chestnut-backed Thrush Zoothera dohertyi 栗背地鸫 Near-threatened
Orange-banded Thrush Zoothera peronii 橙斑地鸫 Near-threatened
Sunda Thrush Zoothera andromedae 巽他地鸫  
Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus 岛鸫  
Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophrys 白喉短翅鸫  

Passeriformes.: Muscicapidae
Pied Bushchat Saxicola caprata 白斑黑石(即鸟)  
White-bellied Bush Chat Saxicola gutturalis 帝汶林(即鸟) Near-threatened
Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra 棕胸蓝姬鹟  
Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni 小斑姬鹟  
Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis 帝汶姬鹟 Endemic Near-threatened
Timor Blue-Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus 蓝背仙鹟  

Passeriformes.: Dicaeidae
Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile 厚嘴啄花鸟  
Red-chested Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei 蓝颊啄花鸟  
Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum 爪哇啄花鸟  

Passeriformes.: Nectariniidae
Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 黄腹花蜜鸟  
Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris 帝汶花蜜鸟  

Passeriformes.: Passeridae
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 麻雀  

Passeriformes.: Estrildidae
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava 红梅花雀  
Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata 斑胸草雀  
Tricolored Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor 帝汉鹦雀  
Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca 黑脸文鸟  
Nutmeg Mannikin Lonchura punctulata 斑文鸟  
Five-colored Munia Lonchura quinticolor 五彩文鸟  
Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallida 淡色文鸟  
Timor Sparrow Padda fuscata 帝汶禾雀 Near-threatened

Passeriformes.: Motacillidae
Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava 黄鹡鸰  
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 灰鹡鸰  
Oriental Pipit Anthus rufulus 东方田鹨  
Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi 北鹨  
 

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